What is New Education Policy(NEP) 2020 and major Reforms in School and Higher Education?

The Union Cabinet of India on Wednesday approved the new National Education Policy (NEP) with an aim to introduce several changes in the Indian education system from the school to college Level.

and Renamed the HRD Ministry as Education Ministry. when Making the announcement, Union Ministers Prakash Javadekar and Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank said there would be one regulator for all higher education institutions and MPhil would be discontinued.

“For the last 34 years, India was in dire need of such a futuristic policy. Gratitude to Prime Minister & Union Minister of Education on this landmark decision which will play an unprecedented role in building of a ‘New India’”

This is the first education policy of the 21st century and replaces with the thirty-four year old National Policy on Education (NPE), 1986.

Major transformation of New Education Policy ?

following are the major Highlights of New Education Policy:-

(1.) Early Childhood care and education with new Curricular and Pedagogical Structure

Ensuring that quality education reaches to the students of ALL sections of the society. A special multi task force will be constituted to ensure the same.

With emphasis on Early Childhood Care and Education, the 10+2 structure of school curricular is to be replaced by a 5+3+3+4 curricular structure corresponding to ages 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18 years respectively. This will bring the hitherto uncovered age group of 3-6 years under school curriculum, which has been recognized globally as the crucial stage for development of mental faculties of a child. The new system will have 12 years of schooling with three years of Anganwadi/ pre schooling.

Ensuring universal access to high-quality Early Childhood Care and Education across the country. ECCE will focus on developing social capacities, sensitivity, good behaviour, courtesy, ethics, personal & public cleanliness, teamwork & cooperation among children.

(2.) Promoting Multilingualism

High Quality Textbooks will be made available in Home languages or Mother tongue. The medium of instruction till Grade – 8 & beyond, will be the home language/mother-tongue/local language/regional language. Starting from the Foundational Stage, children will be exposed to different languages with a particular emphasis on the mother tongue.

(3.) Equitable and Inclusive Education Learning for All

A “Gender -Inclusion Fund” to be constituted by the Government of India to provide equitable quality education for all girls and transgender students. The fund will be available to States, to support & scale effective community-based interventions that address barriers to female & transgender children’s access to education.

In order to ensure equitable & inclusive education to all, tactical strategies will be made, and concrete steps will be taken for making quality higher education opportunities available to all individuals.

Emphasis will be given on Socially & Economically Disadvantaged Groups. School complexes will be supported for providing children with disabilities facilities to suit their needs, ensuring their full participation in the classroom. Scholarships for Students from Disadvantaged Group.

(4.) Gross Enrollment Ratio(GER) for Higher Education to be 50% by 2035

Targeting a 50% Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in higher Education by 2035. While a number of new institutions may be developed to attain these goals, a large part of the capacity creation will be achieved by consolidating/expanding/improving existing Higher Education Institutions(HEIs)

(5.) Recruitment of Teachers Through a Transparent Robust Process

Teachers will be recruited through robust and transparent processes. Promotions will be merit-based, and a mechanism will be developed for multi-source periodic performance appraisals.

(6.) Under Graduation will be of either 3 or 4 years with multiple entry and exit point
  • 1 Year-Certificate
  • 2 Year- Advance Diploma
  • 3 Year- Bachelor’s Degree
  • 4 Year-Bachelor’s Degree with Research

The UG degree will have multiple exit options. An Academic Bank of Credit shall be established which would digitally store the academic credits earned from various recognized HEIs so that the degrees from an HEI can be awarded taking into account credits earned.

(7.) Reduction in Curriculum

Cash rich content will be reduced to its core essentials, and make space for critical thinking, holistic, enquiry-based, discovery-based, discussion-based, and analysis-based learning.

(8.) Changing the Approach to Teacher Education

Recognising that our teachers will require training in high-quality content & pedagogy. As colleges/universities move towards becoming multidisciplinary, they will also aim to house outstanding education departments that offer B.Ed., M.Ed., & Ph.D. degrees in Education.

(9.) Technology in Education

With an objective to improve multiple aspects of education, the use and integration of technology will be encouraged & supported. Efforts will be focused on emerging disruptive technologies that can help us transform the education system & empower our educators. National Education Technology Forum (NETF) will be Implemented for Education.

(10.) Providing effective and sufficient infrastructure

Aiming to achieve 100% Gross Enrolment Ratio in preschool to secondary level by 2030. Once infrastructure/participation are in place, ensuring quality Education will be the key in the retention of students, so that students do not lose interest in attending school.

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